WIC-Related Studies and Reports

Assessment Food Packages Nutrition Education

Learn more about the impact WIC has on its participants, common broad nutritional risks, breastfeeding rates and more with these reports and interactive graphs.

Available Now

Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020 - 2025
Make Every Bite Count! The new edition of the Dietary Guidelines includes recommendations for all life stages, including, for the first time, infants and toddlers, and pregnant and lactating women. WIC staff can use graphics and consumer resources to help translate the Guidelines into achievable steps for their participants, paving the way to a healthier diet. The Dietary Guidelines provide a framework - not prescriptive details - to "meet people where they are," from personal preferences to cultural foodways, as well as budgetary considerations.

The Dietary Guidelines, which serve as the basis for the WIC food packages, are informed by the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee's Scientific Report. Have questions about the Guidelines? Check out the most popular questions and answers.

WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 (WIC ITFPS-2) - Fourth Report

  • Consistent 4-year participation in WIC was associated with better diet quality.
  • The top reported reasons for continued WIC participation were the education received from WIC, the WIC food package, and the work of WIC personnel.

Read about these and other findings in WIC ITFPS-2, a longitudinal study from which multiple reports have been published. This most recent in the series looks at how children who started out on WIC are living, eating, and growing in the fourth year of life, and how WIC contributes to those outcomes. Other reports from this study include:

WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2018

  • Interested in breastfeeding initiation rates by State?
  • Curious about the demographics of the WIC program, or what the more common nutritional risks are for each WIC participant category?

Check out the interactive graphs that accompany this report that summarizes the demographic characteristics of WIC participants nationwide. It includes information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics, estimates breastfeeding initiation rates for WIC infants, and describes WIC members of migrant farm-worker families.

National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and WIC Program Reach in 2017

  • Want to know your State agency's estimated coverage rate of those eligible for WIC?
  • Interested in seeing the number of participants vs. the number of those eligible in your State and how these have changed over the years?

Use the interactive graphs provided with this report to find out. You can also download the data associated with the graphs.

Coming soon!

The WIC Food Cost Containment Practices Study examined about 30 voluntary food-specific restrictions and manufacturer rebates (on foods other than infant formula) with the goal of identifying practices that reduce food costs without adversely affecting participant outcomes.

On the Horizon

The WIC Nutrition Assessment and Tailoring Study (WIC NATS) is the first national study to provide a comprehensive account of the WIC nutrition assessment process as it unfolds at sites across the country. The study will:

  • Document how nutrition risk assessments are conducted;
  • Examine how the information gathered during the assessment is used to tailor Program benefits; and
  • Identify promising practices in the nutrition assessment process that are associated with participant and staff satisfaction, improved efficiency, and reduced staff burden
DGA Report versus Guidelines
Developed by: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services