Health and Wellness
HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants and Children
CDC recommends that all women who are pregnant or planning to get pregnant take an HIV test as early as possible before and during every pregnancy. The earlier HIV is diagnosed and treated, the more effective HIV medicine will be at preventing transmission and improving health outcomes of both mother and child.
This site offers a fact sheet and information on mother-to-child HIV transmission, statistics, prevention challenges, what CDC is doing in regard to prevention as well as a number of other resources including an HIV testing locator. Information is also available in Spanish.
WIC can impact the spread of HIV/AIDS by referring participants for early and late gestation testing and advising mothers with HIV/AIDS to avoid breastfeeding. WIC can also impact the health and birth outcomes of participants with HIV/AIDS, addressing the dietary needs of an HIV-positive individual, including food safety. WIC State agencies can review WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria 352b Infectious Diseases - Chronic to see how WIC nutrition services can help participants with HIV.