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Diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational

Because diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies, managing diabetes is important for both the mother and child (information about these problems is also available in Spanish).


November is National Diabetes Month, an opportunity for WIC staff to help raise awareness and understanding of diabetes management and prevention, and the consequences of unmanaged diabetes.


The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases reviews diabetes basics on their site (also available in Spanish), offering:

This site also includes information for those diagnosed with diabetes, such as:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also offers information on diabetes meal planning, eating out and using food labels to make healthier choices, recommendations to be prepared in case of an emergency or disaster, and other resources (many available in Spanish), including:

CDC's Native Diabetes Wellness Program provides:

  • A colorful book series (Eagle Books) for kids to encourage healthy living

  • A toolkit with creative resources to reinforce Eagle Books type 2 diabetes prevention messages

  • Educational materials that include posters with culturally relevant images and messages, and videos to promote diabetes prevention

  • Stories about traditional foods programs, cultural identity and the importance of food safety and preservation


Learn more about how breastfeeding may lower the risk for developing type 2 diabetes for women with gestational diabetes.

Education Materials

My Native Plate, Diabetes Basics, and other downloadable education materials are available from the Indian Health Service

A Healthy Pregnancy for Women With Diabetes
Source: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
FAQs that cover what diabetes is, how it can affect pregnancy and the baby, how pregnancy can affect glucose levels, medications, breastfeeding, exercise, and more.

Am I at Risk for Gestational Diabetes? (also available in Spanish)
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
A handout for use with participants on gestational diabetes that covers general information on gestational diabetes, who is at risk, getting tested, what gestational diabetes means for the mother and fetus, and action steps if diagnosed. Also available from this source is the handout, Managing Gestational Diabetes.

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